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  • 内燃叉车平衡重的结构特点有哪些?
  • 本站编辑:杭州东桦叉车配件有限公司发布日期:2018-08-27 11:20 浏览次数:

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内燃叉车平衡重的结构特点
Structural features of counterweight for internal combustion forklifts
1、外轮廓
1, external contour
平衡重对整车美观有一定影响,因此其外轮廓要以满足整车格调为前提。在设计整车时,还要考虑车长和转弯半径等重要参数,其中转弯半径要比车长重要。
The balance weight has a certain effect on the beauty of the vehicle, so its outline should be based on the vehicle styling. In the design of the whole vehicle, the length and turning radius and other important parameters should be considered, in which the turning radius is more important than the length.
2、通风孔
2. Ventilation holes
由于热平衡是叉车很重要的参数,散热性能不良很容易造成发动机冷却水水温过高现象,影响叉车整车性能。因此,平衡重通风孔的位置、风道与气流导向就显得尤为重要。
Because heat balance is an important parameter of forklift truck, poor heat dissipation performance can easily lead to excessive temperature of engine cooling water, affecting the performance of forklift truck. Therefore, the position, air duct and airflow guidance of balance weight ventilation holes are particularly important.
3、选取和安装
3. Selection and installation
一般来说平衡重的质量、质心位置、后悬量由整车总体布置给定,其中平衡重质量的选取主要考虑叉车满载堆垛和满载行驶时的纵向稳定性。平衡重的质量直接影响到叉车前、后平衡的安全系数,是决定叉车安全系数的主要参数。
Generally speaking, the mass, center of mass and rear suspension of the balance weight are given by the overall layout of the whole truck, in which the selection of the balance weight mass mainly considers the longitudinal stability of the forklift truck when it is full-loaded stacking and running. The quality of balance weight directly affects the safety factor of forklift truck before and after balancing, and is the main parameter to determine the safety factor of forklift truck.
4、起吊孔位置
4. Location of lifting hole
平衡重2个起吊孔的位置也很重要。为了吊装方便,提高安全性,2个起吊孔位置应该对称布置在平衡重中心线左、右两侧,前、后方向应该与平衡重质心在一条线上。有的平衡重采用吊耳,其位置确定道理一样。
It is also important to balance the weight of the 2 lifting holes. In order to facilitate hoisting and improve safety, the two lifting holes should be symmetrically arranged on the left and right sides of the balance weight center line, and the front and rear directions should be in line with the balance weight center of mass. Some balance weights use lifting lugs, and their positions determine the same reason.
5、离去角
5. Departure angle
平衡重下端的离去角也很重要,该角度主要是为了避免上、下坡时平衡重下端与地面摩擦,理论上离去角与具体车型的最大爬坡角相等。平衡重下端切除点的位置要根据具体车型的最大爬坡度、平衡重的后悬量来确定。
The angle of departure of the lower end of the counterweight is also important. This angle is mainly to avoid friction between the lower end of the counterweight and the ground when going up and down the slope. In theory, the angle of departure is equal to the maximum climbing angle of a specific vehicle. The position of the cut-off point at the lower end of the balance weight should be determined according to the maximum gradient of the specific vehicle and the rear suspension of the balance weight.